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“NeBRCU Visited Caves of Bhimad, Tanahu”

On 25th November, 2017 team members of NeBRCU Visited caves of Bhimad, Mohariya of Tanahu district. I alongside our chairperson Dr. Pushpa Raj Acharya, executive board member Mr. Sanjeev Baniya and graduate student from M.Sc. zoology of Tribhuvan University Mrs. Sangeeta Thapa visited mohariya village for the first assessment of the caves. Village located at an altitude of 495 m above sea level and host two unique caves within same forest area: Siddha and Chamero cave. Chamero cave is situated at the uppermost part of forest area whereas Siddha cave lies beneath it. Chamero cave is further estranged into two flanks, right section of cave host a suitable habitat for insectivorous and carnivorous bats whereas, left section congregate more than 3000 individuals of fruit bats. Siddha cave host a habitat for only insectivorous bats.  


Colony of fruit bat in Chamero cave                           Credit : NeBRCU/Basant-Sharma                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Two mists net were set up near cave entrances. Altogether, 8 specimens were captured compromising six species profile, 3 specimens of fruit bat, Rousettus leschenaulti (Desmarest, 1820), 4 specimens of insectivorous bats, Rhinolophus affinis (Horsfield, 1823), Rhinolophus pusillus (Temminick, 1834), Hipposideros armiger (Hodson, 1835) and Miniopterus schreibersii (Kuhl, 1817) as well as 1 specimen of carnivorous bat, Megaderma lyra (E. Geoffroy, 1810). Whereas, detail cave study still remained to investigate and there is still high chance of new record of bat species from the caves.                                                                                                                                                                                                     

Measuring Megaderma lyra                                               Credit: NeBRCU/Basant-Sharma                                                                                                                                                                    

Handling Miniopterus schreibersii                                  Credit: NeBRCU/Basant-Sharma                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Acknowledgement
We are thankful to cave management committee of Chamero and Siddha cave for their support and accommodation arrangement.